60 interesting facts about the UK that will open this country in a new way
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, also known as the United Kingdom or Great Britain, is a sovereign state with London as its capital, located off the northwest coast of continental Europe. It includes four separate countries in the British Isles - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The population is 67 million people. The country is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea and the English Channel. Below are collected 60 interesting facts about Great Britain, which will reveal interesting information about the culture, history, geography, politics of this developed country.
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1. Tea is the most popular drink in the UK and an important part of English culture since the 1700s. It is estimated that the British drink 165 million cups of tea daily, which is 20 times less than the consumption of tea in the US.
2. Tea is served with buns with jam and cream or butter.
3. London is the capital and largest city in the UK. It is home to more than 8 million citizens who communicate in more than 300 languages.
4. English is the official language of the United Kingdom, but there are many accents across the country that change every 45 km depending on the territory.
5. There are four ancient Celtic languages in Great Britain that are officially recognized today. These are Scottish Gaelic, Irish Gaelic, Welsh and Cornish.
6. From 1066 to 1362, for nearly 300 years, French was the official language in Great Britain.
7. In Great Britain, in May 1840, the first adhesive postage stamp was issued, which depicted a portrait of Queen Victoria. It was called Penny Black because it cost one penny and was black.
8. Stonehenge is one of the oldest monuments in the world, built in the south of England around 3000 BC. e. (earlier than the pyramids of Egypt). This is one of the seven wonders of the world.
9. Glass 87-storey skyscraper "Shard" in London (London's Shard) with a height of 310 meters, built in 2012, is the tallest building on the European continent.
10. The most popular sports invented in the United Kingdom are football, rugby, cricket, boxing, golf. The game of golf, invented in St. Andrews (Scotland) in 1457, is today the national sport in Great Britain. King James II of Scotland banned the game because it interfered with the training of the army in archery.
11. Popular food in the UK is fish and chips, roast beef, Yorkshire beef, but the national dish is Chicken Tikka, cooked according to an Indian recipe.
12. There are more Indian restaurants in London than in major Indian cities like New Delhi or Mumbai.
13. The UK is connected to the European mainland through the Channel Tunnel, opened in 1994. At 50 km, it is the second longest underground tunnel that connects the cities of Dover in England and Calais in France.
14. Queen Elizabeth ascended the throne in 1953, and in 2015 became the longest-reigning monarch in the world.
15. The first king of England, William the Conqueror, issued a law according to which everyone should go to bed by 8 o'clock in the evening.
16. Margaret Thatcher was the first woman elected Prime Minister of Great Britain. She is known as the UK's longest-serving prime minister.
17. Built in 1080, Windsor Castle, home to the British royal family, is the oldest royal residence and the largest royal house in the world.
18. In August 1896, a battle took place between Great Britain and the Zanzibar Sultanate for 38 minutes, which is known as the shortest war in history.
19. There are only a few trash cans in London. They have been eliminated as the city has experienced many terrorist attacks in the past and the garbage cans were used for explosives.
20. Harry Potter series author JK Rowling became the first British writer to earn $1 billion in 2014. She has sold over 400 million copies of Harry Potter books in 55 languages worldwide.
21. The programs of the British television channel BBC (or the British Broadcasting Corporation) do not show advertising, as it is a public broadcasting operator and is paid by citizens through a UK TV license fee of about $ 200 per year.
22. The British love to read the news. Every year a person views an average of 38 kg of newspapers.
23. The British Library at King's Cross in London is the second largest library in the world with over 170 million books.
24. William Shakespeare added about 3,000 words to the English language.
25. The Queen is the only citizen of the United Kingdom who does not hold a British passport. British passports are issued in the name of Her Majesty, the Queen does not have to hold one. Queen Elizabeth II has visited more than 100 countries and has never used a passport.
26. Oxford University, founded in 1096, is the oldest institution of higher education in the UK. Before 1877 teachers were not allowed to marry.
27. Llanfairpwllgwyngyll-gogerychwyrndrobwlllllandysiliogogogoch; a shorter version of the name - Llanfairpwllgwyngyll) - the name of the city in Wales, which is the longest in the world and means "St. Mary's Church in the Hollow of the White Hazel."
28. Fordwich is the smallest city in the UK with about 400 inhabitants.
29. In the UK, legends and myths involving monsters and mysterious creatures are popular, the existence of which some people claimed. Some Britons have heard the voice of a woman wandering across London Bridge at night. A popular story is about the Loch Ness Monster, known as Nessie, which lives in Loch Ness in Scotland.
30. Union Jack or Union Flag - the flag of Great Britain, the design of which combines the English, Scottish flag and the flag of St. Patrick, representing Ireland.
31. There is no official religion in the UK, but the majority of Britons profess Christianity. 27% of the population are declared atheists.
32. Mount Ben Nevis is the highest point in the UK with a height of 1345 m above sea level.
33. Royal weddings are public holidays in the UK. The day after the ceremony is a day off in the country.
34. The King of Norway is 73rd in line to the British throne.
35. There are more than 170 museums in London, of which 11 are national museums, including the British Museum.
36. London Eye Ferris wheel - the highest Ferris wheel in the world with a turn of 30 minutes. There was another wheel in London called the Big Wheel, which was destroyed in 1907.
37. Contrary to popular belief, Big Ben is not the name of a clock, but a 13-ton bell on the clock tower next to the Parliament building. The Tower itself is known as St. Stephen's Tower.
38. There must always be at least six black ravens on the territory of the Tower of London at the same time. This is due to an ancient decree of King Charles II which states that if this rule is violated, the monarchy will fall.
39. The UK is one of only five countries that do not have a written constitution but follow a common law system.
40. There is no national holiday in the UK, but the Queen's Birthday is celebrated as a public holiday on the second Saturday in June.
41. The UK is one of the top 5 exporters in the world.
42. Although England is known for its rainy weather, in 2003 Kent recorded a temperature of 38.5 °C.
43. There are over 500 pubs in the UK called The Red Lion.
44. Every horse, pony must have a passport.
45. Football is one of the most popular games in the UK. There are more than 100 football clubs throughout the country.
46. Killing a swan is illegal in the UK.
47. In the past, London had other names - "Londinium" during the Roman invasion, "Ludenwik" in the days of Saxony, "Ludenburg" during the reign of Alfred the Great.
48. Great Britain is a large country, but the maximum distance from the sea is 115 km.
49. Smith, Jones and Williams are some of the most common names in the UK.
50. Art was once considered an Olympic sport in the UK. People of art, architecture, literature, music, painting and sculpture were awarded a medal for their work.
51. Knap of Howar - the oldest building in the UK; preserved stone house in the north of Scotland, built around 3700 BC e.
52. There are 32 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the United Kingdom.
53. England is the birthplace of many famous scientists. Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, Stephen Hawking and others were born here.
54. In England, in 1989, scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web.
55. The world famous Wimbledon tennis championships take place every summer in southwest London. During the two-week event, over 27 tons of strawberries and 7,000 liters of cream are consumed as part of the event's famous dish.
56. England is the birthplace of one of the most unusual sports - "rolling cheese." This is an annual cheese rolling competition that takes place in the spring on Cooper's Hill in Gloucestershire, in the west of England. A 3.5kg block of Double Gloucester cheese rolls down the top of a steep hill at speeds of up to 110km/h and the participants chase it down in an attempt to catch the cheese. The winner who crosses the finish line first gets the cheese.
57. London has the first and largest underground metro system in the world.
58. In London, the tube route from Leicester Square station to Covent Garden is the most popular route for tourists, despite the fact that this distance is actually faster to cover on foot.
59. London Heathrow Airport is the largest airport on the European continent.
60. British pound sterling is one of the strongest world currencies.
These are some of the most interesting facts among the many information about the UK that you might not know. Which one did you like the most?